Different Types of Gardens
Gardening involves the practice of growing, cultivating, and displaying plants in an outdoor setting. Gardeners, or people who take pleasure in gardening, typically choose between a variety of plants for their overall appearance, consumption, and medicinal usages. Gardeners may plant fruit orchards, shrubs, trees, herbaceous plants, yard plants, and container plants often grown indoors or outdoors. They may choose to only cultivate one type of plant, or involve a large number of mixed plantings. Gardeners use many types of methods to grow their plants, which may involve different seasons, materials, tools, and settings to make each project a success.
Urban and Container Gardening
Urban gardening consists of growing plants exclusively in containers due to limited growing space. Urban gardeners typically use terracotta pots, plastic containers, and window boxes. This popular growing method has become widely used in areas with unsuitable soil and climate, such as in major cities where the pavement covers the intended growing space. Urban gardeners choose many types of plants for their containers, including herbs, vegetables, small trees, and cacti. Container gardening causes less problems than traditional growing methods. For instance, container plants are less likely to develop soil-borne diseases. In addition, container gardening eliminates weed problems and provides more control over moisture, sunlight, and temperature exposure. Container gardens are typically found on porches, front steps, and on the rooftops of some urban homes and commercial establishments.
Edible gardening consists of growing food-producing plants on residential landscape. Depending on the amount of growing space, edible gardeners may combine a variety of food-producing plants, including berry bushes, vegetables, herbs, edible flowers, and even fruit and nut trees. Some edible gardeners may design their outdoor gardens into aesthetically pleasing designs, which may incorporate any garden style. Edible gardening can provide freshness and flavor of homegrown fruits and vegetables. It allows gardeners to control the amount of pesticides and herbicides used on their consumable foods. It increases the food security of a household, saves money on grocery bills, and gets entire families outside to interact with the natural world around them.
Seasonal – Floral Gardening
Gardeners can only grow certain plants during the course of the year. For instance, gardeners may choose to grow annuals, such as marigolds, tomatoes, and zinnias, about six weeks before the date of the last average frost in a given area. Other gardeners may focus on perennials, grasses, and shrubs during the cool and rainy months of spring. Gardeners may choose drought-tolerant plants, such as annuals, perennials, ornamental shrubs, and grasses during the hot and dry months of summer. During the months of autumn, gardeners may choose to plant deer-resistant bulbs, such as daffodils, alliums, and lycoris. Others may also choose to plant asters during the garden's final season. Winter gardeners may focus on pruning deciduous trees, ornamental grasses, and indoor shrubs and trees. These may include maiden grass, fountain grass, river oats, pussy willows, flowering quince, and poinsettias.
Seasonal – Edible Gardening
Gardeners are limited on their choice of plants that they can grow throughout the year. Many seasonal plants only thrive during peak months. The experienced gardener knows when to grow what plants during the winter, spring, summer, and autumn months. By understanding this concept, gardeners can plan to have food yearlong, unless unexpected climate destroys the plants. Popular spring crops include dandelion greens, asparagus, and fiddlehead ferns. Gardeners can grow apples, apricots, avocados, basil, bell peppers, beets, blackberries, cantaloupes, carrots, chard, cherries, eggplant, fennel, figs, garlic, and mangoes during the summer months. Gardeners may decide to choose beets, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, celery, chicories, kale, horseradish, and grapes. During the winter, they may opt for cardoons, Brussels sprouts, escarole, kiwis, leeks, onions, oranges, parsnips, lemons, pears, persimmons, potatoes, and rutabagas.
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