Gardening for Beginners
Many people perceive gardening as an incredibly difficult task; however, many parents have taken their children out into the backyard to learn about what plants to grow. Seasoned gardeners will assert that the only steps it takes to create a garden are soil, water, sun, care, and time. Yes, several gardening techniques exist for various purposes, such as container gardening, raise-beds, and fenced in garden beds. It honestly does not matter if the gardener has several years under his belt. A beginner can start gardening the same day and achieve the same results.
The first step in building a garden starts with preparing the soil. Gardeners can purchase top soil, compost, peat moss, earth worms, and other critters that go straight into the containers or raised garden beds. To avoid investing in costly materials, gardeners can opt to dig straight into the ground by tilling the soil with a wheel hoe. A wheel hoe will turn the soil, which makes it easier to manage, levels the surface, mitigates weeds, destroys insects, and reduces water or wind erosion. A wheel hoe makes it easier to accomplish this task without having to physically till the soil by hand. Gardeners should analyze the nutrients within the soil with a testing kit. In addition, they should build up its composition by adding peat moss, compost, manure, and organic top soil. The previous preparation steps are nearly impossible to achieve without tilling the soil using a durable wheel hoe.
The next step involves moderately watering the garden beds. Enthusiasts will assert that “less is more” when watering the garden. In fact, over-watering tends to create plants with shallow root systems that makes them incapable of reaching down to find their own water. In turn, this creates a heavier workload for the gardener, because the plants become dependent on regular watering. Gardeners recommend watering newly planted seeds lightly and consistently, once or twice a week, especially during the dry and hot summer months. Try to water the plants first thing in the morning, or right before bed.
The third step to taking care of a garden involves adequate sun exposure. Before selecting a spot and tilling the soil with a wheel hoe cultivator, the gardener should asses if the future garden bed receives enough sun. Some plants require partial sunlight, such as Swiss chard, kale, spinach, root vegetables, peas, parsley, cauliflower, and lettuce. Other edible plants require full sunlight, such as broccoli, cucumbers, melons, peppers, corn, eggplant, peppers, beans, cabbage, and tomatoes. Gardeners should also factor in how many plants they will plant, and whether the future garden bed will sit in the right spot for adequate sunlight. Even if the garden bed does not have full sun exposure, it can still produce various amounts of fruits and vegetables.
The fourth step in making a decorative garden bed involves caring for it. If gardeners neglect the garden after tilling the soil with a wheel hoe cultivator, analyzing the soil content, building up its composition, moderately watering the plants, and ensuring that it gives enough sun exposure, then all of that work may not yield any results. Weeds can take over a garden; however, gardeners can do a few things to minimize their growth. For instance, gardeners can scatter the seed very thickly, which will create a natural canopy to help shade out weeds. In addition, adding a layer of mulch will cut down on the weeds ability to emerge from the soil's surface. Gardeners may need to occasionally weed the bed; however, it only requires about 15 minutes (depending on the size of the garden) each day to get the job done. Gardeners should regularly fertilize the plants using homemade compost or a trusted source.
Lastly, gardeners should have enough patience to give the plants time to grow. Beginners will learn how long it takes for each plant to grow through experimentation. By learning these basics, gardeners will start to know when to begin tilling the ground with a wheel hoe cultivator in the future seasons. Beginners should create a garden binder or notebook and then jot down any details about each plant that year. This will help keep beginners on track, and yield better results for years to come.
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